Domestic abuse is caused by a misuse of power by one partner / ex-partner over another. Societal beliefs and patriarchal values can contribute to domestic abuse by condoning beliefs about gender roles and entitlement to power and control in relationships. Those who cause harm may try to minimise or deny their behaviour. They may even try to blame it on their partner or someone else. The behaviour is a choice made by the abuser to gain control and get what they want.
Leaving an abusive relationship is difficult for many reasons. For example:
Criminal and civil law offers important protections for individuals who are experiencing domestic abuse. A victim of domestic abuse has certain legal rights and protections